Fun activities are an indispensable component to the psychological balance of the dog. They reveal the nature of the interactions of a pack, whether it is composed of several species (humans, dogs, cats) or only one. The dog is a social mammal, it is essential that an order prevails, and even if it does not appear when 10 dogs continue yapping, all this is well organized.
The game is a simulation of combat or predation, whose goal is to gain control of the other. Even if it is a playful context, the intention is there. Besides, in humans, who can say that a game is innocent?
Psychoanalysts do not hesitate to evoke all the unconscious motivations that each brings with him in his participation. The Great Dictionary of Psychology indicates that play is a mode of observable polymorphic activity with a frequency that is all the greater as one rises in the animal scale and holds even more place in the life of the child.
This means that to play, you have to be evolved. The game involves complex signals to show other people that we play. These signals exist in all species with play capacity. Fun activities are common to most mammal species, but they are the most diversified among those that are described as “more evolved”. They also take variable forms and take more or less time depending on the species.
Puppies play in the fourth week of life, when the myelination of their spine and the maturation of their senses, allows them to move. They are often clumsy, and can even hurt each other by accident. In fact, games contribute to the education of all, for example, learning to inhibit the bite is done through their interactions: not controlling the strength of his jaw, a puppy can hurt a another, who will start whining or yapping, in order to stop the first.
The puppy too bold quickly learns that he must control the pressure of his jaw. On the other hand, the games between the master and his dog are an excellent way to create links between them, and to set the first rules of life in the family.
We’ll teach the puppy that we can play without biting or jumping on the other. During the training sessions, we will alternate the learning of the positions or the reminder, with the parts of ball, race, hide-and-seek. We can also use fun techniques to educate his dog: he learns while having fun, and the master learns patience and perseverance.
For an attentive observer, the moments of play between dogs are very revealing. We see the leaders of a group, or at least those who may become it. In addition to barking and jumping, there is frequent overlap, misinterpreted as the only mark of sexuality, while there is much hierarchical overlap.
The game gives pleasure to the one who exercises it, it is a voluntary behavior, free from any constraint with regard to the intraspecific games.
On the other hand, when it comes to games between humans and dogs (interspecific therefore), it is about the human being in control of the situation, because it can unfortunately quickly escape him if the limits are not clearly posed .